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葡萄酒入门:灰比诺「Pinot Gris & Pinot Grigio」

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2011-06-01  来源:华尔街日报  作者:食品翻译中心  浏览次数:10956
核心提示:一提到灰比诺葡萄,大多人都会想到位于法德边境的法国阿尔萨斯(Alsace)地区出产的用于酿制白葡萄酒的Pinot Gris。在意大利北部,同样的这种葡萄被称为Pinot Grigio。不同地区出品的灰比诺酒口感各有特色,以下是详细情况。


What's the difference between Pinot Gris and Pinot Grigio? On a basic level, nothing: The same kind of grape is used to make both wines. But on the palate, there lies a world of difference.

Around the world: The Pinot Gris grape is mostly associated with white wine from Alsace, a French region that borders Germany. In northern Italy, the same grape is known as Pinot Grigio. But the varietal is also grown in cool-climate areas in Australia, New Zealand, Germany and the U.S. Pacific Northwest.

Sometimes big, sometimes light: Pinot Gris grapes ripen with plenty of sugar, which means that the wines tend to be either on the sweet side or, if the sugar is left to ferment for a drier wine, relatively high in alcohol. But the wines produced from this grape vary in taste, depending on the region in which they are grown. The wines from Alsace are rich, slightly oily on the mouth and full of flavor. The wines from Italy, where the grapes are harvested before they fully mature, are light-bodied and crisp.

Pinot Gris and Grigio wines from the New World tend to split between the two styles, and the way a maker labels a bottle can be a signal. For example, a wine labeled Pinot Gris from California will be more full-bodied than a wine called Pinot Grigio from New Zealand, which likely will be brighter and more acidic.

Follow the menu: Salads, mild fish and shellfish are great matches for the lighter Pinot Grigio, and like other crisp whites, it goes especially well with goat cheese. Oilier fish and roasted chicken are good pairs for the heavier-style Pinot Gris. Either way, serve slightly chilled.


参考译文:
Pinot Gris葡萄和Pinot Grigio葡萄有什么区别吗?基本上没有:都是用来酿酒的灰比诺葡萄。但就酿成的葡萄酒的口感而言,两者却有天壤之别。

遍布全球:人们一提到灰比诺葡萄,大多都会想到位于法德边境的法国阿尔萨斯(Alsace)地区出产的用于酿制白葡萄酒的Pinot Gris。在意大利北部,同样的这种葡萄被称为Pinot Grigio。这一品种还生长在澳大利亚、新西兰、德国和美国西北部太平洋沿岸等比较凉爽的地区。

灰比诺葡萄在成熟之后含有大量糖分,这意味着由它酿制而成的葡萄酒口感香甜,在糖分发酵制作成干白葡萄酒之后,它的酒精含量会相对较高。但由于这种葡萄的产地不同,它们酿成的葡萄酒的口感也各不相同。阿尔萨斯地区的灰比诺葡萄酒口感醇厚,细腻油滑,酒香浓烈。而在意大利,灰比诺葡萄在完全成熟之前就收割了,因此意大利出产的灰比诺葡萄酒酒体清盈、口感清爽。

新世界葡萄酒产区生产的灰比诺酒通常分为两种风格,从生产商在酒瓶上标注的方式可加以区别。比如,美国加州酿制的Pinot Gris会比新西兰出产的Pinot Grigio酒体更加丰满,色泽往往更加明亮而且酸度较低。

食物搭配:沙拉、清淡的鱼类和贝类都是酒体轻盈的Pinot Grigio很棒的搭配,和其他口感清爽的白葡萄酒一样,它和山羊乳酪的搭配尤其美味。比较油腻的鱼类和烤鸡则要搭配酒体丰满的Pinot Gris。不论哪种灰比诺酒,略作冰镇后饮用口感更佳。
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关键词: 葡萄酒 灰比诺
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