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(EU) No 115/2010:制定天然矿泉水和泉水除氟所用活性氧化铝的使用条件(laying down the conditions for use of activated alumina for the removal of fluoride from natural mineral waters and spring waters)

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2015-01-12  来源:EUROPE  浏览次数:237
核心提示:2010年2月10日,欧盟发布委员会条例(EU) No 115/2010,允许使用活性氧化铝处理天然矿泉水和泉水以除去水中的氟化物(以下简称除氟处理)。可依据本法规附录规定的技术要求对天然矿泉水和泉水进行除氟处理。
【发布单位】 (EU) No 115/2010
【发布文号】 EUROPEAN COMMISSION
【发布日期】 2010-02-10
【生效日期】
【废止日期】
【替代法规】
【效  力】
【食品伙伴网解读】 2010年2月10日,欧盟发布委员会条例(EU) No 115/2010,允许使用活性氧化铝处理天然矿泉水和泉水以除去水中的氟化物(以下简称除氟处理)。可依据本法规附录规定的技术要求对天然矿泉水和泉水进行除氟处理。根据良好操作规范要求,经除氟处理的水中残渣含量在技术可行的范围内应尽可能低,对公众健康不会造成危害。为确保满足上述要求,经营者应实施并监控本法规附录规定的关键工艺步骤。应用除氟处理技术应至少在使用前3个月通知主管机构。经营者在通知书中应向主管机构提供除氟处理相关资料、证明文件和分析结果,以证实符合本法规附录相关规定。经过除氟处理的天然矿泉水和泉水标签上应在接近成分分析声称位置处标注“经批准吸附法处理的水”字样。

  COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 115/2010

  of 9 February 2010

  laying down the conditions for use of activated alumina for the removal of fluoride from natural mineral waters and spring waters

  (Text with EEA relevance)

  THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

  Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

  Having regard to Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 (1), on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters, and in particular Article 4(1)(c) and Article 12 (d) thereof,

  Having regard to the opinion of the European Food Safety Authority,

  Whereas:

  (1)

  Commission Directive 2003/40/EC of 16 May 2003 establishing the list, concentration limits and labelling requirements for the constituents of natural mineral waters and the conditions for using ozone-enriched air for the treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters (2) sets a maximum limit for fluoride in natural mineral waters. As regards spring water, such a limit is fixed by Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption (3).

  (2)

  To allow operators to comply with those Directives, a treatment to remove fluoride from natural mineral waters and spring waters by using activated alumina (hereinafter ‘the fluoride removal treatment’) should be authorised.

  (3)

  The fluoride removal treatment should not add residues to the treated water at concentrations which may pose a risk to public health.

  (4)

  The fluoride removal treatment should be notified to the competent authorities to allow those authorities to exercise the controls necessary to ensure correct application of the treatment.

  (5)

  The use of a fluoride removal treatment should be indicated on the label of treated water.

  (6)

  The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health and neither the European Parliament nor the Council has opposed them,

  HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

  Article 1

  1.   The treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters with activated alumina in order to remove fluoride, hereinafter ‘the fluoride removal treatment’, shall be allowed.

  Natural mineral waters and spring waters together are referred to hereinafter as ‘water’.

  2.   The fluoride removal treatment shall be performed in accordance with the technical requirements as set out in the Annex.

  Article 2

  The release of residues into the water as a result of the fluoride removal treatment shall be as low as technically feasible according to the best practices and shall not pose a risk to public health. To ensure this, the operator shall implement and monitor the critical processing steps set in the Annex.

  Article 3

  1.   The application of a fluoride removal treatment shall be notified to the competent authorities at least three months prior to use.

  2.   With the notification the operator shall communicate to the competent authorities relevant information, documentation and analytical results on the treatment which show that it complies with the Annex.

  Article 4

  The label on water which has been the subject of a fluoride removal treatment shall include, in proximity to the statement of the analytical composition, the indication ‘water subjected to an authorised adsorption technique’.

  Article 5

  This Regulation shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

  Products which were placed on the market by 10 August 2010 and which do not comply with Article 4, may continue to be marketed until 10 August 2011.

  This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

  Done at Brussels, 9 February 2010.

  For the Commission

  The President

  José Manuel BARROSO

  ANNEX

  Technical requirements for the use of activated alumina for the removal of fluoride from natural mineral waters and spring waters

  The following critical processing steps shall be implemented and monitored appropriately:

  1.

  Before the activated alumina is used for the treatment of water it shall be subjected to an initialisation procedure which includes the use of acidic or alkaline chemicals to remove any residues and a backwash treatment to remove fine particles.

  2.

  A regeneration procedure shall be applied at intervals ranging from one to four weeks depending on the water quality and throughput. It shall include the use of appropriate chemicals to remove the adsorbed ions in order to restore the adsorption capacity of the activated alumina, and to remove any possibly formed biofilms. This procedure shall be done in the following three stages:

  —

  Treatment with sodium hydroxide to remove fluoride ions and replace them with hydroxide ions.

  —

  Treatment with an acid to remove residual sodium hydroxide and activate the medium.

  —

  Rinsing with drinking or demineralised water and conditioning with the water as the final step in order to ensure that the filter has no impact on the overall mineral content of the treated water.

  3.

  The chemicals and reagents used for the initialisation and regeneration procedures shall comply with the relevant European standards (1) or applicable national standards relating to the purity of the chemical reagents used for treatment of water intended for human consumption.

  4.

  The activated alumina shall comply with the European standard for leaching tests (EN 12902) (2) to ensure that no residues are released into the water resulting in concentrations exceeding the limits set in Directive 2003/40/EC or in the absence of limits in that Directive, the limits set in Directive 98/83/EC or in applicable national legislation. The total amount of aluminium ions in the treated water as it results after the release of aluminium, the main component of activated alumina, shall not exceed 200microg/L, as established in Directive 98/83/EC. This amount shall be checked regularly in accordance with the Council Directive.

  5.

  The processing steps shall be subject to good manufacturing practices and HACCP principles set out in Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on food hygiene (3).

  6.

  The operator shall establish a monitoring programme in order to ensure the proper functioning of the processing steps in particular as regards the maintenance of the essential characteristics of the water and its fluoride content.

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